The European Commission carried out research on the existence of unjustified geo-blocking practices among 10.537 e-commerce websites in 143 country pairs and in 8 sectors of the most commonly purchased goods and services online. The study found that geo-blocking practices were identified in 63 % of all websites assessed, and only about 1 in 3 websites allow consumers to buy from another EU country. The results of the study have informed the Commission’s legislative proposal on geo-blocking.